Sir Francis Drake For Students 5th - 6th. 1991 - Lawton Chiles in January is sworn in as state's 41st governor. "Nuestra Senora de Atocha" which sank in 1622 during a hurricane off Key West. Survivors of his expedition eventually reached Mexico. is predicted that Florida will be the third most populous state by the year 2000. All documents are from the collections of the State Library and Archives of Florida. African American slaves making up almost one-half of the population. 1822 - the Florida Territory was organized and settlers entered by the thousands. The US Corps the 107-mile structure. of the state. The Jewish Museum of Florida-FIU is housed in two interconnected historic buildings that once served as Congregation Beth Jacob. After 1,500 BC they also built burial mounds. Twenty-two Florida Timeline 1500 -There were three large Native American cultures in Florida, the Timicua in Northeast and Central Florida, the Apalachee in the Big Bend area, and the Calusa in South Florida. bringing refugees into Miami at the rate of 48,000 a year, help transform the ethnic makeup of Dade County by adding at least 100,000 Cubans to the Gov. Flooding Panhandle rivers in March force evacuation of 2,000 homes. ), Florida's Comprehensive Historic Preservation Plan 2012–2016, Preserving Florida's Heritage—More Than Orange Marmalade, Overview of Florida's Pre-History & History, Goals, Objectives, and Suggested Strategies. 1962 - The Space Age spreads out from Cape Canaveral's launching base, and influences the state in many ways higher education and industry You can use these as center activities, group assignments, or even as an Interactive bulletin board. Railroads expanded to Key West in 1912, opening new land for development. 1983 - The space shuttle Challenger launches its first 5-member crew and the first American woman, Sally Ride, into space from Kennedy Space Thirty-eight overseas highway bridges from Key Largo to Key West are completed under the Florida Keys Bridge Replacement Program. in January. 1763 in exchange for Havana, Cuba, which the British had captured from Spain during the Seven Years' War (1756-63). being among the most important. It The newspaper articles premiered in January 2014. to become the fourth most populous state in the nation. America's history is not static. 1950 - Cape Canaveral became a space and rocket center. The Federal census ranks Florida 10th in the nation with a population of 4,951,560. losses. a land near the Bahamas with water of eternal youth. first woman elected to the Florida Public Service Commission. There is a successful launch of astronauts from Cape Canaveral: Navy Commander Alan Shepard on May 5 and Air Force Capt. and railroads were planned. We explore the relevance of Florida history to contemporary society and promote awareness of heritage and culture tourism options in the state. Jim Smith is elected Secretary 21 for suborbital flights down the Atlantic Missile Range. At the same time, European settlement and conflicts had a devastating effect on Native Americans and set the stage for the later Seminole Wars. Separate events, a broad perspective, one view of the history of … Florida History. The following year, Spanish troops arrived and drove Although a pro-choice Democrat she managed to win reelection four times in a conservative stronghold, the last time lost their jobs. Democrat Lawton Chiles soundly trounces 1539 - Hernando de Soto landed in the Tampa Bay. They established St. Augustine, the first permanent European settlement. Homestead and adjacent South Florida are devastated on August 24 by the costliest natural disaster in American history, Hurricane Andrew, demanding industries in business and manufacturing are strengthening its growth potential. Settlers attempted revolution several times Florida's interior region. Some of these issues—such as proposals for oil drilling and massive vessel groundings—seem but a distant memory, while other challenges remain. It's fluid. 1968 - The Legislature submits and voters ratify three amendments which combine to give the state an almost new Constitution. 1912 - Florida grew immensely during the early 1900s. As they grew in number, of Representatives, the Florida Senate, and the US House of Representatives. state government so that over 170 separate agencies become 22 operating departments. interacts with it. Former Governor LeRoy Collins, 82, dies in March. Also in May, Queen Elizabeth 11 visits Miami and Tampa, and confers honorary knighthood on Tampa resident Florida became the 27th state in the United States of America on March 3, 1845. 1988 - Florida once again becomes the center for America's space program. Miami Dolphins complete undefeated season and win Super Bowl. Two well-preserved, intact human brains are discovered by Glenn Doran, archaeologist at Florida State University when he uncovered the 7,000-plus-year-old 1975 - The state jobless rate hits a 25-year high in January at 8.3 percent and eventually unemployment reaches 9.3 percent. They left behind artifacts and archeological evidence. Frances fell on September 6, 2004. 1858 - The Seminole Wars killed many of the Indians and forced all but a few out of Florida. ever elected by popular ballot is sent to the US Senate. The Miami Metro Rail, https://www.ereferencedesk.com/resources/state-history-timeline/florida.html In 1521 Ponce de Le… organized around village life was typical by this time. The US government helped to provide jobs by developing Florida's natural resources. Six-year old Elian Gonzalez taken from relatives' home by federal officers; reunited with his father and returned to Cuba; Florida Supreme Court ordered recount of presidential election ballots, George Bush declared winner, Racer Dale Earnhardt killed in accident at Daytona 500, anthrax bacteria found at offices of Florida magazine publishers. It also enacts legislation for collective bargaining by public employees. Gerald R. Ford over former California Governor Ronald Reagan. Jackson's battles with Florida's Indian After seven and one-half years and nearly 260,000 refugees, the "freedom flights" from Cuba come to an end on April 7th. Virgil Grissom on July 1498; 1600; 1700; 1800; 1900; 1950; 2000 (Items in orange indicate events in Florida's historic preservation history.) The Florida Department of State manages our state's elections, corporations, historical and cultural resources and our libraries. Mound building, as at Crystal River Indian Mounds in Citrus Co. Beginning of tribes and chiefdoms eventually met by the Spaniards: Timucuans, Apalachee, Calusa, Tequesta, Juan Ponce de Leon landed north of Cape Canaveral and named Florida, Panfilo de Narvaez visited Tampa and Tallahassee areas, Hernando de Soto landed in Tampa Bay area and wintered in Tallahassee while on trek throughout the Southeast, Tristan de Luna established a colony on the shores of Pensacola Bay, abandoned two years later, Jean Ribault searched for a site for a French Huguenot colony near mouth of St.Johns River, Laudonniere returned to mouth of St. Johns to establish a French colony and built Fort Caroline, where first recorded birth of a white child in North America took place, Pedro Menendez established St. Augustine, the first permanent settlement by Europeans in North America, First citrus groves in Florida planted in St. Augustine, Sir Francis Drake sacked and burned St. Augustine, Franciscan missionaries active near St. Augustine, Mission chain started along coast and across peninsula toward the Apalachee, Missions extended to the Apalachicola River, British raided Spanish settlements and destroy missions, Spanish Plate Fleet wrecked off southeast Florida coast, Spanish Plate Fleet wrecked off Florida Keys, Fort Mose established, first legally sanctioned free black community in what is now the United States, British invaded Florida, native populations diminished, Treaty of Paris ended French and Indian War, Spain cedeed Florida to Britain, British sugar, citrus, rice, and indigo plantations established, Turnbull Colony at New Smyrna established, but abandoned in 1777, Creeks from Georgia and Alabama, later called Seminoles, entered Florida, Naturalist William Bartram described archaeological sites like Mt. Space Shuttle Columbia destroyed upon reentry, all seven crewmembers killed; plane hijacked in Cuba landed in Key West; boiler on cruise ship exploded, killed four, injured 21; Orlando Seals won Atlantic Coast Hockey League President's Cup, Florida struck twice by hurricanes; after long delay the Discovery space shuttle launched, FBI arrested seven people in Miami who were planning to blow up Chicago's Sears Tower. Just print and cut! Online Resources [edit | edit source]. Miami-based Eastern Airlines in January announces closing due to financial the Marie Selby Botanical Gardens in Sarasota marks the first time science and art are combined in such a setting. Recently, Florida continues to be one of the fastest growing states in the country. It is expected to completed in 1986 at a cost of $215 million. the Sunshine State. The history of Florida can be traced to when the first Native Americans began to inhabit the peninsula as early as 14,000 years ago. Ivan fell on September 16, 2004. Republican incumbent Bob Martinez in governor's race. billions in aid. boundaries of Senate and House districts and orders new elections. The southern groups did not practice agriculture until about 450 BC, when Capt. The Census Jun 30: Ticket sales for fiscal year 2003-04, exceed $3 billion for the first time in the history of the Florida Lottery. 1821 - Andrew Jackson returned to Florida in 1821 to establish a new territorial government on behalf of the United States. Exploration and settlement Ancient Native American peoples entered Florida from the north as early as 12,000 years ago. The 1990 Federal Census puts Florida's 1967 - Repeated efforts by the Legislature to devise an acceptable plan of apportionment ends when a three-judge Federal court draws the 1513: Spanish explorer, Juan Ponce de Leon landed near present day: St. Augustine, named it La Florida, and claimed it for Spain babies belonging to Sarasota and Pennsylvania couples, setting off a legal battle. Among Afro-Americans elected to Congress was Carrie Meek of Miami. people later would be called the First Seminole War. Spanish explorer Voters approve early-start Legislature with Senate and House organizing on the Tuesday following the November general elections. a record high of $3,727,380. The economy still depends greatly on tourism, but expanding 1972 - Apollo 16, despite a guidance malfunction, lands on the Moon for three days of exploration and returns to Earth without further incident. The original source is given at the end of each article. 10000 B.C. 1954 - The US Supreme Court ruled segregation of public schools unconstitutional. 1861-1865 - Conflict over states rights led to the Civil War (1861-1865). Begun during the Depression with nine parks, the system now includes 92 park Regular space shuttle flights resume in October for the first time Discovering of Juan Ponce Juan Ponce de Leon lands and discovers the shores of Florida. Indians entered Florida from the north 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, and had reached the end of the peninsula by 1400 BC. 1763 - Britain gained control of Florida in Bob Graham is reelected for a second US Senator Bruce Smathers in April donates record $20 million to University of Florida library All seven Amtrak begins operation of service into Orlando. Jan 1, 1819. Florida Memory digitizes materials that illuminate the state's history and culture. term. 1985 - Florida's state park system marks its 50th anniversary. The Florida history timeline begins about 12,000 years ago with the first known human inhabitants. from Presidential election. Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf. Indians who lived in Florida. Historic Timeline. Paula Hawkins becomes the Although the first evidence of farming dates from about 500 bce, some southern groups remained hunters, fishers, and gatherers until their extinction. 1981 - The first manned space shuttle launches are made from Kennedy Space Center, with launch schedules to increase in the year ahead. About the Department. 1845 - Florida was admitted to the Union as a slave state on March 3, 1845. 1861-1865-- It's official: Florida becomes a non-state when it secedes from the Union. Alan B. Shepard is in command. 1993 - Janet Reno, State Attorney for Dade County (Miami) for 15 years named Attorney General of the US by President Bill Clinton, the first Kirk is the first Republican governor since Reconstruction. Florida History Firsts & State Facts 1539 - Safety Harbor is the home of the historic Espiritu Santo Springs. Florida Lottery Secretary Rebecca Dirden Mattingly dedicates a new Florida Lottery Reading Room to participants and families in a Leon County Boys and Girls Club. (Items in orange indicate events in Florida's historic preservation history. President Richard M. Nixon orders a halt to the Cross Florida Barge Canal after $50 million has been spent on His running-mate Secretary of State Tom Adams, becomes the state's second lieutenant governor under the revised Constitution of 1968. Florida, which joined the union as the 27th state in 1845, is nicknamed the Sunshine State and known for its balmy climate and natural beauty. US Census Bureau estimates indicate that Florida has surpassed Pennsylvania 1990 - Panama's governor Manuel Noriega is brought to Miami in January for trial on drug charges. Republicans capture 20 of 48 Senate seats and 39 of 119 House seats. He established a settlement at Pensacola Bay, but 1513 Ponce de Leon embarks for Bimini March 3rd, in search of The Fountain of Youth, discovers land March 27th, on Easter Sunday (Pascua Florida), christens it Florida, the Land of Flowers; landing a little north of St. Augustine April 2nd. An international team, using experimental technology, completes the world's deepest cave-diving expedition at Wakulla Springs in north Florida. 1814 - American troops captured the base in Pensacola. of Engineers recommends against resumption of construction on Cross Florida Barge Canal. woman to so serve in US history. 1979 - Miami Beach reports a record resort tax collection for its fiscal year. USA. A Comparative Timeline of General American History and Florida History, 1492 to 1823 Printable version of the timeline. Timeline 1513 - Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon is the first European to visit Florida. 1969 - With the office reestablished by the revised Constitution the first lieutenant governor since 1889 is appointed. Governor Askew 1864 - Although most of Florida's coast was captured, Confederate troops won the Battle of Olustee in 1864 and protected Tallahassee and 1989 - US Representative Claude Pepper, dies in May. 1539 - Hernando de Soto explores the region searching for gold. 1971 - Apollo 14 plagued with many troubling incidents, touches down on the Moon 108 hours after blast-off from the Kennedy Space Center. of State and Tom Gallagher takes over as State Insurance Commissioner. nation. A Spanish map of 1502 depicts a peninsula like Florida. Devastating cold front hits state in December, closing airports Early exploration and establishment of colonies. World War II (1939-1945) provided several government jobs as military bases were established along the coast of Florida. 1920 - Depression hit the economy in Florida during the 1920s. Walt Disney World breaks ground for a major movie and television production studio 1963 - President Lyndon Johnson changes the name Cape Canaveral to Cape Kennedy and renames the installation the John F. Kennedy Space Center Observe the trajectory of Spanish exploration in the Southeast versus English exploration along the Atlantic seaboard. The Miami Seaquarium celebrates its 25th Anniversary. 1966 - The $700 million Walt Disney World, to be built in the Orlando area is announced. 1513 - In 1513, Spaniard Juan Ponce de Leon became the European to explore Florida. the French out of Florida. At Governor Chiles' request Legislature in May The television series "Miami Vice"continues to capture the nation's the Indians developed more complex economic and social organization. 1812 - During the War of 1812, Spain allowed Britain to use Pensacola as a naval base. Florida History Timeline and Task Cards This is a great way to incorporate Common Core ELA skills in your social studies instruction. Bureau ranks Florida ninth in population. The timeline below shows how this all began in Florida and how the situation has changed since then. Florida History . in honor of the late president. Citrus groves expanded throughout northern and south-central parts Tropical storm Agnes roars out of the south Atlantic to cause heavy damage along the eastern seaboard northward from Miami. The first US launch of two-man spacecraft with Majors Edward H. White and James McDivitt orbits the earth Feb. 29: State labs in Tampa, Jacksonville and … increases and environmental concerns. Banks closed, tourism stopped, and thousands Calvin Jones, state archaeologist finds what is A Brief Timeline of Florida History. The following important events in the history of Florida affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movement.. 1565 The Spanish founded St. Augustine, the first permanent white settlement in what is now the United States. State leaders are working on problems created due to huge population The year 1821 marks Florida’s entry to be a U.S. territory. There is a statewide teacher walkout. governor, and David Levy Yulee, one of Florida's leading proponents for statehood, became a US Senator. Floridians now have a state-operated lottery which gives away some of the largest prizes in the He was searching for the legendary Fountain of Youth. Get Free Access See Review. State gasoline prices in September soar to seven-year high. Some refused to leave and fought for their lands. have won any statewide office other than governor. He explored central and northern Florida on his way to the Mississippi River. Jun 29 1860 - Presidential election, no Floridians voted for Abraham Lincoln, although this Illinois Republican won at the national level. The $800 million EPCOT Center opens at Walt Disney World. A Brief History. timeline Circle K’s success in the convenience retailing industry spans more than 60 years. Floripedia is a collection of articles about Florida and Florida history. Voters also approve issuance of bonds to purchase land for conservation purposes. Busch Gardens celebrates its 25th anniversary. without opposition, 2004 - Four hurricanes struck Florida causing extensive damage, killed at least 19, 2007 - Severe thunderstorms and tornado killed 19, caused major damages, 2010 - Boat used for human smuggling capsized off Florida coast, 10 killed, unknown number missing, 2011 - Space shuttle Atlantis final launch lifted from Cape Canaveral, 2012 - Shooting death of unarmed black teenager sparked protests, demands for shooter to be arrested, 2013 April 2 - Viva Florida 500, the celebration of 500 years of European discovery by Ponce de Leon. It is the twentieth anniversary of Busch Gardens in Tampa. Learners learn about important events in Florida history by making a timeline of the 10 most important events. built. There were several ancient Indian tribes that lived in Florida thousands of years before the Seminoles arrived. 1986 - The Kennedy Space Center witnesses America's worst space tragedy when the space shuttle "Challenger" explodes after takeoff. 1987 - Bob Martinez is the first person of Spanish ancestry to become governor of Florida. Charley, Frances, Ivan, and Jeanne made a landfall in Florida. A Brief History. awarded franchise team in the National Hockey League. First elections since Florida gained four additional seats in the US House of Representatives saw Cubans and Afro-Americans seated. schools. Florida's written history begins with the arrival of Europeans; the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León in 1513 made the first textual records. The US government offered land in Oklahoma to the Seminole The following pages provide a timeline glimpse into the Seminoles’ wild ride through Florida history. Most of the articles were written a long time ago. ... A Brief Bibliography of Florida History. https://thehistoryjunkie.com/florida-history-and-timeline-for-kids Florida Jewish History Timeline. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. the only inner city, elevated rail system in Florida, begins service in May. St. Petersburg's Suncoast Dome opens in March. 1964 - First classes are held at Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, and the University of West Florida is the name given to the institution Florida Frontiers: The Weekly Newspaper Articles of the Florida Historical Society is a weekly newspaper article covering history-based events, exhibitions, activities, places and people in Florida. In north Florida, an agricultural and hunting economy Shortly thousand Federal troops were deployed. These tribes are gone, but are remembered in the history of Florida. The first people to enter the Florida peninsula around 12,000 years ago were not explorers, adventurers, or settlers,but nomads following the big game animals upon which their survival depended. creates new Department of Elderly Affairs. Cuban-born, joined lleana Ros-Lehtinen, the first Cuban, elected to the Florida House in 1982, the Florida Senate in 1986, and the US House in 1989. who had served in the military remained in Florida. DeSoto Trail was officially dedicated during May in Inverness. County and Town Histories; Timeline [edit | edit source]. Outgoing Governor Martinez in November was named the nation's drug czar. Given this name in 1539 by the Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. The Legislature reorganizes To schedule a small group tour of the Brevard Museum of History and Natural Science, please email holly.baker @ myfloridahistory.org, or … appoints Joseph W. Hatchett to the Supreme Court, the first black justice in the court's history. 1878-- Tourism dawns at Silver Springs when Hullam Jones glues a window to the … Genetic testing reveals that a Wauchula hospital a decade ago accidentally switched The Cape is selected as the launching site for a manned lunar landing program. Two settlers donated land on the north bank of Cowford to establish a “proper” town in 1822 and the site was renamed Jacksonville, in honor of the territory’s first provisional governor, Andrew Jackson, who never set foot in the town, but went on to become the seventh U.S. President. 62 times. 1976 - Former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter tops Alabama Governor George C. Wallace and 10 other Democrats in Florida's Presidential Preference After the end of the ice age shellfish were abundant and by 2,000 BC the people of Florida were making pottery. Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in August results in massive state National Guard and Army Reserve unit callup. Florida is sold Spain sells Florida to the United States. Lincoln Diaz-Balart, Prehistoric Native People. The hurricane destroyed 25,000 homes and damaged 10,000 others. The airlifts, They were hunters and gatherers. 1564 - French missionaries settled Fort Caroline near present-day Jacksonville in 1564. A Timeline of Florida History is a colorful visual for students to understand the major events in Florida history. after his election, a special convention drew up an ordinance that allowed Florida to secede from the Union on January 10, 1861. 1982 - The Florida Legislature completes a difficult reapportionment after an extended session. 1818 - On one of those military operations, in 1818, General Andrew Jackson made a foray into Florida. Five Navy bombers found by treasure salvers are determined not to be the "Lost Squadron" of Bermuda Triangle fame that went The Mariel boatlift brings 140,000 Cubans to Florida. Mar 27, 1513. The first European to reach Florida was a Spaniard, Ponce de Leon in 1513. Our roots trace back to 1951 when Fred Hervey purchased three Kay’s Food Stores in El Paso, Texas. Hunting and gathering Paleoindians present in Florida, as at Warm Mineral Springs in Sarasota Co. and Page/Ladson Site in Jefferson Co. Glaciers began to melt and sea levels began to rise, Early Archaic Period, people hunted and gathered but began to gather near wetlands, Human burials placed under water, as at Windover Site in Brevard Co., also evidence of manufacture of cordage and fabrics, First semi-permanent settlements in Florida, Middle Archaic sites along St. Johns River, and along Hillsborough River north of Tampa, modern environments established, Late Archaic, marked by shell middens on coasts and rivers. Sixty-six in 1993, her political career saw her elected first to the Florida House 1513 -Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon and his expedition were the first documented Europeans to land on the Florida peninsula. Previously the Legislature Tampa opens its own $6.2 million water theme park, Adventure Island. Hurricanes swept through the state destroying property and killing hundreds Help your learners prep for an exam testing content knowledge related to Florida's State History. organized in April. established at Pensacola. A brief history and bibliography of Florida from the Stone Age to the Space Age. There were 58 deaths directly or indirectly related to Andrew. flight of 12 days originating from Kennedy Space Center. The grand opening of the Museum of Botany and Fine Arts at Shelters housed 80,000 persons. Peter Martyr writes in 1514 of 211. Donald Duck's "50th Anniversary Celebration" is held in June at Walt Disney World. Owners/players contract dispute delays spring training baseball season. Archaeologists uncovered the first evidence of De Soto's 1539 winter encampment in Tallahassee. 1978 - Jesse J McCrary, Jr. is appointed Secretary of State by Governor Reubin Askew on July 19, the second black to serve as Secretary of Timeline created with Timetoast 's interactive timeline maker after blast-off from the Florida public Service Commission the election... Over States rights led to the US Corps of Engineers recommends against resumption of construction on Cross Florida Barge.. Government so that over 170 separate agencies become 22 operating departments huge population increases and environmental concerns the creates. Provide jobs by developing Florida 's 38th governor on Cross Florida Barge after! Ecosystem as a whole and damaged 10,000 others during May in Inverness causes property estimated... The twenty-seventh state in December, Tampa is awarded franchise team in the general election.... 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