who led the bolshevik group in russia during russian revolution

Abraham Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the United States over a deeply divided Democratic Party, becoming the first Republican to win the presidency. The Bolshevik Central Committee made the decision to seize power at a clandestine meeting held on the night of October 10 (October 23, New Style). He led the October Revolution of 1917, in which the Communists seized power in Russia. Disregarding the authority of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet, dominated as before by the Mensheviks and Socialists Revolutionaries, the Bolsheviks invited those local soviets in which they enjoyed majorities to attend a national congress beginning on October 25 (November 7, New Style). They allowed the assembly to meet for one day (January 5 [January 18, New Style], 1918) and then shut it down. In late September and October the Bolsheviks began to win majorities in the soviets: Leon Trotsky, a recent convert to Bolshevism, became chairman of the Petrograd Soviet, the country’s most important, and immediately turned it into a vehicle for the seizure of power. It was a Pyrrhic victory for Kerensky. Because the Russian Provisional Government supported the war effort, it didn't last very long. From the beginning of the 20th century there were three principal revolutionary parties in Russia. This decided, Lenin returned to his hideaway, leaving the direction of the coup in the hands of Trotsky. The march to power was facilitated by the ambivalence of the Mensheviks and Socialists Revolutionaries who, though opposed to the October coup, feared a right-wing counterrevolution more than Bolshevism and discouraged physical resistance to it. In the months that followed, one party after another was outlawed, non-Bolshevik newspapers and journals closed, and all overt opposition suppressed by a new secret police, the Cheka, which was given unlimited authority to arrest and shoot at its discretion suspected “counterrevolutionaries.” The Peasant Union, representing four-fifths of the country’s population, which had opposed the October coup, was subverted from within and replaced by an organization created and run by Bolsheviks. The state apparatus was headed by a cabinet called the Council of Peoples’ Commissars (Sovnarkom), chaired by Lenin, all of whose members were drawn from the elite of the Party. The Party ended up dividing into two groups, the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks.They were called Bolsheviks because it means … In early July, widespread discontent in St. Petersburg led to militant demonstrations calling for the overthrow of the Provisional Government. Lincoln received only 40 percent of the popular vote but handily defeated the three other candidates: Southern Democrat ...read more, On November 6, 1962, the United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution condemning South Africa’s racist apartheid policies and calling on all its members to end economic and military relations with the country. It also vindicated the Bolshevik claim that the provisional government was ineffective and that the soviets should assume full and undivided authority. Origins of the Split They aimed to bring revolution to Russia by following the ideas of socialist theoretician Karl Marx (1818–1883). In January 1917, Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia while Bolshevik Vladmir Lenin lived in exile. This article first appeared on the Atlantic Council site. (3) Russian Revolution (4) Cuban Revolution _____ One reason the Bolsheviks gained peasant support during the Russian Revolution was because the Bolsheviks promised to (1) redistribute land (2) abolish communes (3) bring modern technology to Russian farms (4) maintain an agricultural price-support program This attracted the attention of the Germans, who came to realize that they could not win the war unless they somehow succeeded in forcing Russia to sign a separate peace. In effect from 1948 to 1993, apartheid, which comes from the ...read more, In the aftermath of the November 1 coup that resulted in the murder of President Ngo Dinh Diem, Gen. Duong Van Minh, leading the Revolutionary Military Committee of the dissident generals who had conducted the coup, takes over leadership of South Vietnam. The prime minister confidentially informed Kornilov that the Bolsheviks were planning another coup in Petrograd in early September (which was not, in fact, true) and requested him to send troops to suppress it. By this he meant conservative civilian and military elements, whose most visible symbol was General Lavr Kornilov, a patriotic officer whom he had appointed commander in chief but soon came to see as a rival. Molotov's predecessor as Soviet foreign minister, Maxim Litvinov, also played a key role in the revolution and spearheaded the Bolsheviks' first contacts with Britain in 1918. Russian President Vladimir Putin would like to ignore the Bolshevik Revolution, which marks its 100th anniversary this month. Put your history smarts to the test to see if you qualify for the title of History Buff. During World War I Lenin, living in neutral Switzerland, agitated for Russia’s defeat. The Bolshevik Revolution refers to the second revolution that occurred in Russia in October 1917 led by Lenin and the Bolshevik party. The international media will embrace all things Bolshevik this autumn as the world marks the centenary of the Russian Revolution. By October, he was back in Russia, and by November 7, his Bolshevik-led army, the Red Guard, had forced out the provisional government and proclaimed government by the soviets. During the night of October 24–25, Bolshevik Red Guards peacefully occupied strategic points in Petrograd. In March 1918 the Bolshevik Party was renamed the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik) in order to distinguish it from Social Democratic parties in Russia and Europe and to separate the followers of Lenin from those affiliated with the nonrevolutionary Socialist International. The Tsar had been overthrown, the power and responsibility of the government of Russia had been passed on 'duelly' to the Provincial Government and the workers Soviet, the most powerful Soviet in Petrograd. These two groups increasingly opposed each other within the framework of the RSDWP, and Lenin made the split official at a 1912 conference of the Bolshevik Party. During the Russian Revolution, the Committee worked to prevent the association of all Jews with Communism, and it was led by Louis Marshall. In July, he was forced to flee to Finland, but his call for “peace, land, and bread” met with increasing popular support, and the Bolsheviks won a majority in the Petrograd soviet. In 1903 at the Party Congress members disagreed with each other. In 1904, a dispute at the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party between Julius Martov and Lenin led to the creation of Lenin’s Bolsheviks and Martov’s Mensheviks. Aware that such power as he had rested on the support of the All-Russian Soviet, Kerensky decided that the only threat Russian democracy faced came from the right. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Lenin opposed World War I, which began in 1914, as an imperialistic conflict and called on proletariat soldiers to turn their guns on the capitalist leaders who sent them down into the murderous trenches. The Bolshevik Party favored a closed party consisting of and run by professional revolutionaries and supported the idea of a dictatorship that would accelerate the transition to socialism. Lenin's political pamphlet What Is to Be Done?, written in 1901, helped to precipitate the Bolsheviks' split from the Mensheviks. Berlin hoped (correctly) that the return of the anti-war Socialists to Russia would undermine the Russian war effort, which was continuing under the Provisional Government. In the aftermath of the February Revolution (known as such because of Russia’s use of the Julian calendar), power was shared between the weak Provisional Government and the soviets, or “councils,” of soldiers’ and workers’ committees. Meanwhile, the Russian economy was hopelessly disrupted by the costly war effort, and in March 1917 riots and strikes broke out in Petrograd over the scarcity of food. Like his Union counterpart, President ...read more, After more than three months of bloody combat, the Third Battle of Ypres effectively comes to an end on November 6, 1917, with a hard-won victory by British and Canadian troops at the Belgian village of Passchendaele. Because Russia’s industrial workforce was still small, however, a socialist revolution there was decades, generations or perh… The … In 1902, he published a pamphlet titled What Is to Be Done? Shirley Allen is arrested for poisoning her husband, Lloyd Allen, with ethylene glycol, commonly known as anti-freeze. 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